特区彩票论坛-特区七星论坛-特区七星彩票论坛

特区彩票论坛-特区七星论坛-特区七星彩票论坛 > 论坛 >

对于水下考古学家来说,即使是一些古代陶器碎

2019-05-15 19:29:28 论坛110℃

  对于水下考古学家来说,即使是一些古代陶器碎片也算作埋藏的宝藏。但有时,探险家会发现神器大奖。

  

    

  

      

  

      

  

        

  

          

  

            

  

              

  

                

  

              

  

              

  

              

  

                 

  

                

  

                

  

                  

  

                    古代沉船提供了飓风历史的线索

  

                  

  

                

  

                  

  

                    “海的白蚁”在北极沉船附近发现了嚼木材

  

                  

  

                

  

                  

  

                    参观可能成为新海洋保护区的两艘船舶墓地

  

                  

  

                

  

                  

  

                    Antikythera沉船产生了新的古代宝藏

  

                  

  

                

  

                

  

              

  

            

  

          

  

        

  

      

  

    

  

    本周,一场希腊 - 美国联合探险队宣布,他们刚刚在福尼群岛周围发现了22艘沉船残骸 - 他们发现希腊古船沉船的总数增加了12%。

  

    

  

    新发现的残骸包括可以追溯到古代时期(公元前700至480年)直到16世纪的货物,该团队表示这些发现可能会改变历史学家对古希腊贸易的看法。例如,沉船周围发现的一些双耳风格在海底从未见过。

  

    

  

    “我们知道其中一些双耳类型存在于陆地上的零碎证据中,但我们以前从未发现它们是残骸,”远征队成员彼得坎贝尔说,他是RPM航海基金会的联合主任。美国海事研究非营利组织与希腊水下古物研究所合作,对最近的沉船事件进行了捕捞。

  

    

  

    福尔尼群岛是一小群岛屿,小岛和珊瑚礁,位于爱琴海东北部,由希腊的伊卡里亚岛,萨摩斯岛和帕特莫斯岛组成的三角形。该地区位于一个航运通道的中间,该通道在古代被认为是一个重要的海上走廊。

  

    

  

    虽然群岛本身并不是交易商的目的地,但它确实成为大量船只的最后安息之地,因为他们从希腊前往塞浦路斯和埃及时遭受突然的南方风暴的冲击。探险开始后,坎贝尔说船员们一直在寻找残骸。

  

    

  

    他说:“如果我们没有停止过,我们几周就会达到30或40分钟。”坎贝尔和他的团队记录了3D中的每个残骸,然后提出了代表性样本进行研究。

  

    

  

    群岛是多岩石的,多年来水已经摧毁了大部分船只“在沉船期间没有被撕裂的物质,因此没有太多的船只残余物可以说。相反,该团队发现大部分货物,包括在古希腊和罗马常见的容器中装有大量的双耳瓶。

  

    

  

    就像我们今天使用的无处不在的塑料瓶和玻璃罐一样,双耳瓶在古代运输一系列商品,从水和葡萄酒到油和鱼酱。但它们的大小,形状,材料和其他独特标记可以提供其内容的线索。因此,虽然它们可能已经很丰富,但任何大量的双耳都可以帮助考古学家追踪古代货物。

  

    

  

    “我们知道制作双耳瓶的时间和制作的时间,所以他们可以帮助描绘一些主要的贸易路线随着时间的推移,”希腊运输双耳瓶的专家马克劳尔说,他不在探险队。

  

    

  

    例如,多年来,amphorae帮助建立了一个案例,希腊贸易涉及“巨大的船舶和高度结构化的金融系统来支持这种运输,”Lawall说。

  

      

  

          

  

      

  

          

  

    

  

    

  

              

  

              

  

                  

  

                      

  

                  

  

                  

  

                      

  

                  

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                          

  

                      

  

                  

  

              

  

              

  

              

  

                  

  

                       

  

                  

  

                  

  

                       

  

                  

  

                  

  

                      

  

                          

  

                              

  

                                  

  

                                      

  

                                          

  

                                              

  

                                              

  

                                                  考古学家调查了Fourni群岛上一艘晚期罗马沉船的分散情况。

  

                                                  

  

                                                      (V. Mentogianis)

  

                                                  

  

                                                  

  

                                              

  

                                          

  

                                      

  

                                  

  

                              

  

                                  

  

                                      

  

                                          

  

                                              

  

                                              

  

                                                  这些大型双耳瓶来自黑海。

  

                                                  

  

                                                      (V. Mentogianis)

  

                                                  

  

                                                  

  

                                              

  

                                          

  

                                      

  

                                  

  

                              

  

                                  

  

                                      

  

                                          

  

                                              

  

                                              

  

                                                  考古学家为沉船的3D绘图做准备。

  

                                                  

  

                                                      (V. Mentogianis)

  

                                                  

  

                                                  

  

                                              

  

                                          

  

                                      

  

                                  

  

                              

  

                                  

  

                                      

  

                                          

  

                                              

  

                                              

  

                                                  古代时期的双耳瓶,公元前700至480年。

  

                                                  

  

                                                      (V. Mentogianis)

  

                                                  

  

                                                  

  

                                              

  

                                          

  

                                      

  

                                  

  

                              

  

                                  

  

                                      

  

                                          

  

                                              

  

                                              

  

                                                  一位考古学家记录了沉船遗址周围的双耳和其他货物。

  

                                                  

  

                                                      (V. Mentogianis)

  

                                                  

  

                                                  

  

                                              

  

                                          

  

                                      

  

                                  

  

                              

  

                                  

  

                                      

  

                                          

  

                                              

  

                                              

  

                                                  希腊化的pithos,另一种古希腊储存容。

搜索
网站分类